Technical school 

24 May 2004 tbs.pm/1989

Glenn Aylett grew up with television and radio

I grew up in what could be called the golden era of schools programming, the seventies and early eighties, when BBC1 provided five hours a day of schools television, Radio 4 VHF (not known as FM in those days) provided a similar amount, and ITV, through ATV as the networking company, filled the hours between 9 and 12 with schools programming.

Forget Aussie soaps, Fern Britton and Trisha – daytime television in those days was an educational tool, not a time filler for the elderly and the housebound as it is now. The old Reithian concept of the BBC being there to educate, entertain and inform was paramount and daytime television and Radio 4 VHF in the seventies certainly lived up to the ‘educate’ side.

These days almost every school will have internet access and the latest widescreen TV, but primary and secondary schools in the late 70s and early 80s had quite a wide range of electrical gadgets that now, if at all, survive in a museum.

The radio loudspeaker is one such gadget that was popular in my primary school, at least until it was broken by a workman one day in the third form and was replaced by a hefty Roberts four-band radio. The loudspeaker resembled a 30s valve radio in that it had a large speaker grille and a wooden cabinet and seemed to have been created for the schools market.

Snazzier versions came with a cassette player, but my school made do with the one-channel radio version that could have been created by Stalin for outdoor events as it had a very loud sound and only one station (Radio 4 VHF in this case).

I often wonder if any of these exist now, although they would probably be obsolete as what remains of schools radio now is broadcast through the night on Radio 3.

Another popular tool that remained in the schools I attended as late as 1984 was the reel-to-reel tape recorder. At the primary school we had a 60s model with a microphone similar to those found in a recording studio, which was used to record school concerts and occasionally play pre recorded tapes of music (pre-recorded open reel tapes are about as rare as a good show on ITV1 now, but until the early seventies you could buy recordings by the Beatles and other top pop acts in this format).

It was my grammar school where open reel tape recorders were king. The schools language department had a fair collection from half-forgotten manufacturers such as Fidelity, Elizabethan and Tandberg, most of which dated from the pre-cassette era.

My German master in particular preferred open reel technology over cassette, as he said it was an art-form threading the tape through the heads and his O-Level course was based around a sixties set of BBC pre-recorded tapes and workbooks from a series called ‘Frisch Begonnen’ (Fresh Beginning), a set of stories and exercises based around a fictional family in Köln.

The French department used an audiovisual course based around pre-recorded open reel tapes and a stills projector, another electrical gadget from a bygone age.

Seemingly when the school went comprehensive a ‘year zero’ was declared on the old technology and most of it ended up in a skip, though a particularly nice Philips reel-to-reel recorder was saved by a friend.

School TVs in those days were the predictable 26-inch Radio Rentals wooden cabinet models on stilts and castors with hopeless picture quality. Often programmes appeared in a shade of green, or purple when a video was being shown.

One of my teachers at junior school wished we could have invested in a Sony Trinitron, as the beast from Radio Rentals was as reliable as an Austin Allegro, but the LEA had a British-only electrical policy wherever possible and we made do with a second-rate television.

Luckily my grammar school moved away from these unreliable and dated televisions in favour of a couple of Ferguson TX portables or something similar which were easier to use in a school with three floors.

My first encounter with a VCR was in my first year at secondary school. While the VCR was lucky to be found in 1 per cent of homes at the end of the 70s, our LEA had supplied most secondary schools with a Philips model costing around £500, a fortune in 1979. This was the famous Philips 1500 model, made in Austria, with the piano key controls, analogue clock and top loading. It resembled a black and chrome suitcase.

While very crude by today’s standards, this was the cutting edge of technology then, as pupils could watch a schools programme on ITV as the teacher taped a programme on BBC1.

Although the picture quality was poor on the original televisions the school used, picture quality on the portables the school bought as replacements was very sharp. The Philips 1500 was, of course, the grandfather of the excellent and very underrated Video 2000 machines from the early 80s that could play eight-hour tapes.

Of even more interest was a discovery I made in the sixth form. The school had bought in 1969 one of the very first open reel video recorders at a then astronomic cost of £1500, more than the price of a family car at the time. I talked to the history master, whose cupboard contained this beast, and he said the machine had hardly ever been used due to the fact it could only record in black and white – the school went colour in 1975, he said – and the massive cost of the tapes.

He planned to take it away with him when he retired and maybe give it to a museum, as it was too valuable to go in the cull of other veteran electronics. I often wonder if this interesting piece of electronica ever made it to a safe place, as it could be worth a lot of money to a collector.

So in a way school was the best time of my life with all these interesting and often forgotten electrical appliances. If anyone knows who was the manufacturer of the radio loudspeaker, or if their school had an open reel video recorder and saw it working, I’d be interested in hearing from them.

A Transdiffusion Presentation

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2 responses to this article

Arthur Vasey 25 July 2015 at 12:30 am

Most of my memories of schools television and radio was from junior school (what is now called middle school) – can’t recall watching telly in the infants’ – but I think we had those loudspeakers – great big bulky things that, looking back on it now, and from reading the Transdiffusion article on the subject, looked similar to a Volksempfänger (see the Transdiffusion article) – I think the programmes we listened to in the classroom included Time And Tune and, in the hall, using a tape recorder – the reel-to-reel type – Musical Movement And Mime – that tradition was continued up to at least third year in the juniors – as for telly – we had no telly in the infants’ – but we had a very old – even for the early 70s – bulky black and white telly – programmes we watched had titles like Finding Out, Music Time, Merry-Go-Round, Look And Read and Words And Pictures – I think the Look And Read or the Words And Pictures programme was Up In The Attic – well, I was only about eight or nine – I am now 52 at the time of writing – also, the first and third years (for whatever reason) had to listen to something called A Service For Primary Schools on Thursday mornings on Radio 4!

So far through third year, I had to have an eye operation – whilst convalescing, junior school switched premises – instead of filing into the television room, the telly was brought to the classroom and the service for primary schools – which had taken place in the hall in the old premises – was moved to a classroom in the new one.

I was later put into a boarding school in Gloucestershire – and we were never allowed anywhere NEAR a television set or a radio – had to rely on text books – you would think that the place was run by the Amish – they even cut our hair Amish style! I kid you not!

The only music we ever got to hear at all was the odd classical combo that came over on a Sunday – one time, they booked what appeared to be a pop group – there was a set of drums – I thought at the time that they had booked Mud to perform – bear in mind that this was the 70s – turned out to be a jazz group – kids thought it was too old fashioned and the adults thought it was too modern – but we never got to see any telly or listen to the radio, so we were out of touch with everything!

Joanne Gray 13 May 2016 at 8:55 pm

In the late 70s/early 80s at my primary school, I remember our teacher turning on the wall speaker (that was indeed only able to receive Radio 4) for a weekly programme called Singing Togther (I think?). There were accompanying songbooks that the teacher was paranoid about us damaging (maybe they were on loan or something, or made with gold thread).

We also had the “massive” 20 inch colour telly on the tall wheeled stand and a V2000 machine (the tapes were double sided, like audio cassettes) but it was mainly used during wet or snowy lunchtimes, or towards end of term to keep us little hooligans amused for a couple of hours. The trolley would be wheeled into the assembly hall and we would watch the one tape the school possessed – Jason and the Argonauts, recorded one weekend by our headmaster when he was trying out the AV department’s new toy. We had a lot of wet lunchtimes. Towards the end of my time at primary school, our massive collection of V2000 tapes grew to 2 when a second tape was purchased form school funds and the head recorded a selection of Loony Tunes cartoons to stop the comedians in the top two classes from getting up and performing Jason and the Argonauts scene for scene each time the tape was played.

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